Common Name: western hemlock
Origin/Ecology: Native to BC
Habit: Widely pyramidal, stiffly upright, growing >30 m tall, 25 m wide. Tree-top ‘nods’ and droops to one side. Branches thin and wire-like.
Leaves: Flat, most < 15 mm long, with 2 white stomatal lines on underside. Smaller needles stick up on top, all different sizes, waxy on back. Borne on pegs.
Leaf Arrangement: spiral
Flowers and Fruit: Cones <2 cm, abundant, oval, brown.
Bark: Grey-brown, deeply fissured.
Water Use, Soil: Acidic, well-drained
Exposure: Full sun to part shade
Landscape Uses: Forestry, hedge row, reclamation, sheared hedge, specimen, tall background
Limitations: Dieback, mites, root rot, rust, scale insects, mistletoe, heteroptera – true bugs, adelgid.