Common Name: common lilac
Origin/Ecology: native to Europe
Habit: Irregular, stiffly upright, growing to 7 m tall, 5 m wide.
Leaves: Simple, soft flexible, glabrous, ovate, entire, sinuate. Cordate, up to 12 cm long.
Leaf Arrangement: opposite
Flowers and Fruit: Very fragrant, tubular, 4-lobed, lilac flowers (each to 1/3″ long) which bloom in large conical to narrow-pyramidal panicles (to 6-8″ long). Flowers give way to loose clusters of smooth, brown, flattened, dehiscent seed capsules (each to 3/4″ long) which persist into winter.
Bark: Gray to gray-brown.
Water Use, Soil: Average, medium moisture, well-drained soil. Prefers moist, fertile, organically rich, slightly acidic to slightly alkaline soils with good drainage. Avoid soggy soils.
Exposure: Full sun. Tolerates light shade.
Landscape Uses: Spring interest, fragrance, specimen/accent, small groups, hedges or screens, cottage gardens, margins of woodland gardens, cut flowers.