Common Name: Douglas fir
Origin/Ecology: Native to BC
Habit: Widely pyramidal, horizontal, upright, growing to >30 m tall, 15 m wide.
Leaves: Soft, needle-like, much chorter and flatter than pine trees. Flat against shoot and bend outward.
Leaf Arrangement: Spiral
Flowers and Fruit: Cones pendulous with 3-pointed bracts tucked under cone scales, look like tail and back legs of a mouse hiding under scale.
Bark: Very thick, deeply fissured, corky, grey-brown.
Water Use, Soil: Acidic, well-drained.
Exposure: Full sun.
Landscape Uses: Forestry, native planting, specimen, wind break, woodland margin.
Limitations: Dieback, nematodes, scale insects.
Other Features: Thick bark allows tree to survive fires. Sharply pointed bud at terminal, pushes cap off end. Valuable timber tree.