Common Name: Japanese black pine
Origin/Ecology: Native to Japan and South Korea
Habit: Grows to 25 m tall, occasionally to 40 m tall. Irregular, often leaning, with spreading habit.
Leaves: Groups of 2, 8-15 cm long, bunched together but shoots often have short sections that are bare and exposed (where past clusters of male flowers have been).
Leaf Arrangement: spiral
Flowers and Fruit: Cones are ovoid, up to 7 cm long, with a small spine on each prominent scale tip.
Bark: Dark grey, moderately fissured
Water Use, Soil: Acidic, well-drained
Exposure: Full sun
Landscape Uses: Specimen, wind break
Limitations: Rust, scale insects, wilt, nematodes