Common Name: Scotch pine
Origin/Ecology: Native to Siberia to eastern Asia and Europe
Habit: Fast-growing, conical to columnar, medium sized tree. Grows 30-60′ tall in cultivation, but can reach 100′ in the wild. Develops an open-rounded, irregular crown as it matures.
Leaves: Twisted, blue-green needles (to 3″ long) in bundles of two.
Leaf Arrangement: Spiral
Flowers and Fruit: Gray to light brown cones (to 3″ long).
Bark: Distinctive flaking orange/red-brown bark.
Water Use, Soil: Moist, acidic, well-drained soils.
Exposure: Full sun.
Landscape Uses: Specimen. Dwarf cultivars popular for rock gardens, foundations, and other small areas.
Limitations: Sphaeropsis (Diplodia) tip blight, pine wilt nematode, sawflies, moths, scale.