Common Name: black pine, Austrian pine
Origin/Ecology: Native to central and southern Europe
Habit: Grows 40-60′ tall over time, sometimes to 100′. Dense pyramidal habit in youth. Crown rounds with age to form spreading flat top or dome.
Leaves: Dark green needles (3-6″ long) in bundles of two.
Leaf Arrangement: Spiral
Flowers and Fruit: Oval, stalkless cones (to 3″ long) mature to brown. Cones have diamond-shaped spots on umbo.
Bark: Plate-like, furrowed, dark brown to black bark
Water Use, Soil: Deep, moist, well-drained soils. Tolerates some drought once established. Also tolerates clay and urban conditions.
Exposure: Full sun.
Landscape Uses: Specimen, screen, windbreak.
Limitations: Sphaeropsis (Diplodia) tip blight, Dothistroma needle blight, pine moth,pine wilt dematode.
Other Features: Buds light brown. Needles twice as long as P. sylvestris.