Common Name: Black bamboo
Origin/Ecology: Native to central and eastern China.
Habit: Grows up to 5 m tall by 3 m broad, forming clumps of slender arching canes.
Leaves: Lance-shaped leaves are 4-13 cm long.
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Flowers and Fruit: Flowers are hermaphrodite, and are pollinated by the wind. Rarely, if ever, produced.
Bark: Upright stems are greenish when young but turn blackish or purplish-black in colour as they age. Horizontal rings at joints, grooved lengthwise between the joints.
Water Use, Soil: Prefers fertile and moist places, also by streams.
Exposure: Full sun to part shade.
Landscape Uses: Used as an ornamental or as a screen
Limitations: Spreads via rhizomes and must be cut back. Can also be contained by spreading manure over the desired area.