Common Name: southern magnolia, evergreen magnolia
Origin/Ecology: Native to southeastern USA.
Habit: More than 30 m tall with brittle branches. Slow growing, seldom making a tree in Vancouver over 10 m tall.
Leaves: Large,thick leaves, usually glossy above and often with rusty hairs beneath. Leaves have entire margins (like all magnolias) and drop more or less continuously through the year.
Leaf Arrangement: alternate
Flowers and Fruit: Summer-borne flowers fragrant, very large, with 6 to 12 tepals. Seed cones upright, top-shaped, turning red, eventually splitting with emerging seeds.
Water Use, Soil: Requires good drainage.
Exposure: Not shade tolerant.
Landscape Uses: Specimen plant.
Limitations: Prone to snow damage.
Other Features: Cultivar ‘Edith Bogue’ (a good choice for this area) against the Arbor; the always snow-damaged, but heavy flowering ‘Monlia’ (Majestic Beauty®) near the Service Road; and ‘Monland’ (Timeless Beauty®) to the west, one of the worst (in this area) for flowering and branch breakage.