Common Name: English ivy
Origin/Ecology: Native to Europe, Scandinavia, Russia
Habit: Fast-growing, woody evergreen climbing vine or trailing ground cover. Can grow 50-100′ in height when climbing, 6-9″ tall as a ground cover.
Leaves: Thick, 3-5 lobed, dark green leaves (to 4″ long) in juvenile stage, or lobeless, elliptic-ovate, dark green leaves in adult stage.
Leaf Arrangement: alternate
Flowers and Fruit: Umbrella-like clusters of greenish-white flowers in early fall followed by blue-black berries.
Water Use, Soil: Average, medium moisture, well-drained soils. Tolerates wide range of soils but prefers rich loams. Tolerates some drought, but produces best foliage colour in evenly moist soils.
Exposure: Part shade to full shade.
Landscape Uses: Cover for fences, trellises, walls, ground cover, lawn alternative, topiary shapes, hanging baskets, houseplants, small area ground cover.
Limitations: Invasive species. Can also damage surfaces on which it climbs. Aphids, mealy bugs, caterpillars, scale, leaf spots, canker, bacterial leaf spot, stem rot, powdery mildew, mites.
Other Features: Produces allelopathic substance that suppresses growth of other plants. Less problematic as an invasive if kept from climbing to eliminate fruiting.