Gaultheria shallon

Family: Ericaceae

Common Name: salal

Origin/Ecology: Native to BC

Habit: Rhizomitous, grows to 2.5 m. Creepy to erect shrub. Stems branched. Sometimes forming inpenetrable thickets.

Leaves: Evergreen, thick, leathery, egg-shaped to egg-shapped-elliptic, 3-9 cm long, usually abruptly sharp-pointed at tip, rounded or more or less heart-shaped at base, sharply and finely toothed, glabrous. Stalks short.

Leaf Arrangement: alternate

Flowers and Fruit: Inflorescences of 5-15 flowers in terminal and axillary, bracted racemes, 4-10 cm long, flowering stems finely- and glandular-hairy. Flowers all nodding, flower stalks 3-10 mm long, with 1-2 bracts. Corollas white to pinkish, urn-shaped, 5-lobed, 7-9 mm long, short glandular-hairy. Berrylike fruits, purplish-black at maturity, glandular, hairy, fleshy, 5-10 mm wide.


Water Use, Soil: Acidic, well-drained

Exposure: Full sun, filtered shade

Landscape Uses: Cut flower foliage, erosion control, floristry, group or mass planting, herb, mixed shrub border, reclamation, wildlife food, woodland margin


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