Common Name: European spindletree
Origin/Ecology: Native to Europe to western Asia
Habit: Shrub or small tree with an irregular crown. Grows, often rapidly, to 12-20′ tall. Although slender in youth, it typically matures to rounded form.
Leaves: Ovate to oblong-lanceolate, crenate-serrate, glabrous, dull dark green leaves (to 3″ long) turn variable shades of red to orange to purple in fall.
Leaf Arrangement: Opposite
Flowers and Fruit: Small, yellowish-green flowers (1/2″ across) bloom in 3-5 flowered cymes from late April to June. Flowers are not very showy. Flowers are followed by fruits which are extremely showy. Pinkish-red dehiscent capsules split open in fall to reveal tiny seeds, each of which is encased in a fleshy orange aril. Seeds are attractive to certain birds who eat and distribute them.
Water Use, Soil: Grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soil. Tolerates a wide range of soils except for wet, poorly-drained ones. Prefers alkaline soils. Plants appreciate consistent and even moisture, particularly when grown in full sun locations.
Exposure: Full sun to part shade. Tolerates close to full shade, but usually at the expense of diminished fall colour quality.
Landscape Uses: Foundations, shrub borders, screen or hedge. Woodland gardens. Specimen/accent.
Limitations: Susceptible to euonymus scale, as well as aphids, twig blight, anthracnose, crown gall, leaf spot and mildew.