Common Name: winter heather
Origin/Ecology: native to Europe
Habit: creeping/mat-like, mounded, dense, spreading, growing to 0.4 m tall, 1 m wide.
Leaves: Needle-like, simple, soft flexible, 1-2 cm long, glabrous, lustrous, acicular, linear, entire.
Leaf Arrangement: alternate or whorled
Flowers and Fruit: Raceme with winter to early spring urn-shaped florets. Can be white, violet, pink, red, dark-red, Dec-April. Fruit is brown capsule, May-June.
Water Use, Soil: Well-drained. Not drought tolerant. Best on slopes.
Exposure: Full sun to part shade. Needs at least 3/4 day of sun.
Landscape Uses: Container planting, erosion control, filler, fragrance, group or mass planting, rock garden, spring interest, winter interest.
Limitations: Pest and disease resistant. Susceptible to root rot and rust.
Other Features: Good ground cover but patchy, not uniform.