Common Name: China-fir
Origin/Ecology: Native to central China
Habit: Can reach 150′ in native habitat. In cultivation, to 35-70′ tall with a pyramidal form and tiered, spreading, horizontal branching that is slightly pendulous at the tips. Tends to sucker and often grows in multi-trunk form.
Leaves: Sharply pointed, finely-toothed, green to blue-green needles (to 2.75″ long) are spirally arranged by twisted at base to give appearance of being two-ranked. May bronze in cold winters.
Leaf Arrangement: Spiral
Flowers and Fruit: Oval to globose fruiting cones (to 1.5″ diameter) appear in small groups (1-3) at the shoot ends. Look a bit like artichokes.
Bark: Brown bark of mature trees exfoliates in strips to reveal reddish-brown inner bark.
Water Use, Soil: Moist, acidic, well-drained soils.
Exposure: Part shade. Tolerates full sun but should not be allowed to dry out.
Landscape Uses: Specimen.