Common Name: Kousa dogwood
Origin/Ecology: Native to Japan, Korea, China, Taiwan.
Habit: Small tree or multi-stemmed shrub that typically grows 15-30′ tall, with a vase-shaped habit in the early years but eventually maturing to a more rounded form.
Leaves: Oval, pointed leaves (to 4″ long) are dark green.
Leaf Arrangement: Opposite.
Flowers and Fruit: Blooms occur in late spring. The showy parts of the “flower” (3-5″ across) are the four narrowly pointed petal-like white bracts which surround the centre cluster of insignificant, yellowish-green, true flowers. Flowers are followed by berry-like fruits (to 1″ in diameter) which mature to a pinkish red in summer and persist into fall. Fruits are technically edible, but are usually left for the birds.
Water Use, Soil: Best in organically rich, medium moisture, well-drained, sandy soils.
Exposure: Full sun to part shade.
Landscape Uses: Showy flowering tree with good fall colour. Used as a specimen or in small groupings. Also effective in shrub borders, woodland gardens, bird gardens or naturalized areas.
Limitations: No serious pests or diseases. Has better disease resistance and cold hardiness than Cornus florida, and is better in areas where dogwood anthracnose is a problem.
Other Features: Tolerates deer.