Common Name: camellia
Origin/Ecology: Native to China and Japan
Habit: Evergreen shrub growing 6-12′ tall.
Leaves: Oval, leathery, glossy, dark green leaves (3-4″ long) with finely serrated margins.
Leaf Arrangement: alternate
Flowers and Fruit: Buds appear in clusters. Flowers (3-5″ wide) bloom in mid-late winter (December to March) when grown outdoors. Species plants have single flowers. Cultivars can have semidouble, anemone, peony, rose-form double, or formal double flowers. Each single flower has 5-8 petals. Colours are white, pink, or red with yellow anthers. Borne at terminals or from lower leaf axils. Rounded fruits (1 1/2″ long).
Water Use, Soil: Moist, acidic, loose, organically rich, well-drained soils. Avoid wet soils.
Exposure: Part shade. Need protection from direct afternoon sun and wind.
Landscape Uses: Flowering shrub for lawns, shrub borders, backgrounds, informal hedges.
Limitations: Fungal diseases, leaf spots, black mold, flower blight, canker, root rot. Scale, aphids, thrips, mealybugs, mites. Sensitive to temperature changes, being moved, over- or underwatering, too much sun.