Common Name: monkey puzzle tree
Origin/Ecology: Native to South America
Habit: Oval-round, vertical, open, coarse texture.
Leaves: Unique, awl-shaped leaves, sharply pointed, closely overlapping, symmetrically whorled.
Leaf Arrangement: Spiral
Flowers and Fruit: Female cones globular, up to 20 cm around. Male cones cylindrical, up to 15 cm long (usually on separate plants).
Bark: Single stem, grey-brown bark.
Water Use, Soil: Well-drained.
Exposure: Full sun to part shade.
Landscape Uses: Specimen, tall background, winter interest.
Limitations: Young plants need protection in colder climates than zone 8. Canker or sap rot, mealybugs, scale insects, root rot.